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Version: 10.x (Current)

Single Views Configuration

In this document we guide you through the configuration of Single Views directly in the Console.

Create the Single View

Click on the Single Views voice of the left menu, which opens the Single View page, and click the button to create a new Single View.

Fill the modal with the name of the Single View, that is going to be the name of the collection.

Once created, you will be redirected to the Single View detail page.

Single View Data Model

Single views collections are created on the CRUD Service, so we add all the default fields and indexes required for the CRUD collections in creation.

To define the custom fields, indexes and internal endpoints of your single view collection, add them in the respective card.

Fast Data Single View Fields

The type fields supported are the same of the collection you can create in the MongoDB CRUD section. To know more about indexes click here.

Create the Single View Creator service

You need to create a Single View Creator to update or delete a Single View when a Projection Changes event occurs.

A Single View can be updated by many Single View Creator. Each Single View Creator should be linked to one System of Records through Projection Changes.

system_1
_______________ __________________________
| projection_1 |---> |projection_change type A | ----> single_view_creator_1
| projection_2 |---> |_________________________| \
|______________| \update
________________
| single_view_A |
|_______________|
system_2 /
_______________ __________________________ / update
| projection_3 |---> |projection_change type B | ----> single_view_creator_2
| projection_4 |---> |_________________________|
|______________|

To associate the Single View with the service, add a service in the Configurations tab in the Single View detail page. You can attach more than one service to the Single View.

In this tab you can also edit the main Config Map Configurations of the associated Services, but only if they're Single View Creator Low Code Services.

Nonetheless, you will find in all associated Services a link to the microservice page to edit its details, including the edit and creation of your own Config Map Configurations.

If you have no Single View Creator linked yet, a placeholder will be shown to invite you to link one.

Fast Data Single View Microservice

If you already have Single View Creator services already linked, you can link more clicking on the dedicated button.

Fast Data link Single View Creator

info

In the Marketplace, you can find a template and two plugins that can help you in configuring all the Single View Creator services that you need. You can find more information here.

Once a Single View Creator is linked, if it's configured as Low Code, then its Low Code configuration files are shown in a dedicated card. Click on the Edit button to edit them.

Fast Data edit Low Code configuration

Any changes to the Low Code JSON configurations will be validated to ensure that they are syntactically correct.

danger

These validations are not a substitute of Unit Tests. They validate only that configurations match a JSON schema.
We recommend testing configurations with unit tests using the Fast Data Low Code Test Template.

Click on Save to save the configuration, otherwise click on Cancel to discard changes.

note

When you save the Low Code configuration, the related Single View Creator config maps are updated locally with the changes. No automatic commit is going to be made. To persist the changes on Git, like for any other changes on the Console, you need to Save the branch configuration.

In the detail page of the Single View, click on the Strategies tab.

Fast Data Single View Strategies

Here it's shown a table in which you have to specify the all projections that will be read to get the data that the Single View needs (remember that a Single View is an aggregation of data from different projections).

To link a strategy to your Single View, once you entered the Strategies tab, you can click on the Add link to strategy button, which will let you select:

  1. A System and a Projection from said system
  2. Whether the strategy type is low code or manual
  3. The main strategy function file name

You can link a strategy as low code only if the system it belongs to is low code as well. If you choose to link the strategy as low code, instead of its main function file name, the __automatic__ marker will be used.

danger

Once you have linked some strategies to a Single View Creator in low code mode, if you try to change the Real Time Updater making it manual, you will not be allowed to save.

If you choose to use manual strategies, each listed manual projection must be linked to a file without the extension .js which is the entry point of your strategy function.

Notice that the strategy file must be placed directly inside the directory with the name of the system of records, placing it inside a subfolder of this directory is not supported.

Example:

configurations/
|-- fast-data-files
|-- strategies/
|-- my-system/
|-- myStrategyForProjection1.js
|-- someFunctions.js

Where myStrategyForProjection1.js is the file that exports the strategy function, and internally it uses some functions imported from the someFunctions.js file.

So, you have to set myStrategyForProjection1 as main function file for the projection associated.

In the table, you have the option to turn a manual strategy into a low code strategy. Note that this is only possible if the system the projection belongs to is low code too.

How to consume the Single View

You can expose the Single View through the crud-service without writing any code, or you can always create a custom service to access to MongoDB if you have special needs.

You could check here how to expose an endpoint of the CRUD service outside your project through the Console.

Click here if you want the usage documentation for the CRUD.

How to delete a Single View

To delete a Single View just click on the Delete button in the Single View detail page.

danger

You cannot delete a Single View if it has any endpoint associated, you will have to delete them first. Deleting a Single View does not delete the microservice associated.

Single View Patch

The Aggregation is not the only way possible to update Single Views, there is also an alternative called SV Patch. With this operation, the Single View Creator performs a Mongo update starting from the update of a single Projection, without regenerating the whole Single View.

This kind of operation is strongly recommended when a field of a Projection that is in common with a vast portion of Single Views, is updated. Let's see an example:

Supposing we have a Projection that maps every country to a unique code, like:

{
"ITALY": 0001,
"FRANCE": 0002,
...
}

And we have a Single View with personal data for a lot of people, including the code of the country in which they live, like:

{
"name": "mario",
"surname": "rossi",
"address": "foo",
"countryCode": 0001,
...
}

It could happen that the code corresponding to Italy has to be updated. This scenario brings to a problem: The Single View Creator will have to re-generate every Single View, for all the users with the obsolete countryCode; this operation is extremely heavy and time demanding, it could potentially block the updates of other Single Views.

To prevent this problem, a new infrastructure has been designed:

SV-Patch infrastructure

The Idea is to configure a second Single View Creator with the sole purpose of performing SV-Patch operations. This second service will consume pr-update messages from the Real-Time Updater which will be generated only for specific projections.

To understand how to configure both services click on them: Real-Time Updater and Single View Creator.

Technical limitation

In your custom files (e.g. fast-data-files) you can import only the node modules present in the following list:

caution

It is used the node version 14.