Version: 7.x (Current)


Create a System of Record#

To create a projection, you should create a System of Record. This is the data source which update the projections.

The creation of the System of Record requires to insert a system ID, useful to recognize the system.

Delete a System of Record#

To delete a System of Record, you have to click the Delete button at the bottom-right corner of the System of Record detail page.
The deletion is not allowed until you have at least one Projection inside the System, hence you need to delete all the projections in a System before being able to delete it.

Projections Changes#

When a projection is updated, the Real-Time Updater changes a collection called, by default, fd-pc-SYSTEM_ID where SYSTEM_ID is the name of the System of Records which the Real-Time Updater belongs to. It inserts into it the information of the document updated.

It's created one Projections Changes collection for each System of Records as default.

This collection will be used by the Single View Creator to know which single view needs an update. It is the connection between projections and single view.

You can choose to use a collection you have already created in the CRUD section through advanced configuration. To do that, read here.


When you delete a Systems of Records, the Projections Changes collection linked to it will be deleted as well, because it is no more useful.
This will not happen if you have chosen to use your own custom Projections Changes collection through the advanced section.

Create a Projection#

To create a projection using the Console, select the System of Record from which the projection is taken. In the System of Record detail, scroll until the Projection card and click on the create button. Here, you can insert the name of your projection.


The projection name is used as MongoDB collection name.

To view the details of a projection, click on the arrow button at the end of the table row.

Kafka topics#

Once in the projection detail page, there is a card with detail of Kafka topics. Here, you can modify the default name of the topics per environment. The topic name are pre-compiled with our suggestion name:


where projectId, environmentId and projectionName are filled with, respectively, the id of the console project, the id of the environment associated and the name of the projection.

Projection metadata#

A projection has the predefined collection properties which are required for the Crud Service, which is the Core Service responsible for creating the collection on MongoDB.
These fields cannot be deleted and only the _id field is editable. You cannot add custom fields to the metadata.

These fields have no Cast function assigned because they are not used for mapping of fields from the Kafka Message received. This means that if the Kafka Message contains a field with the name equals to one of the metadata fields, this is not copied on the projection.

Projection fields#

In the card Fields in projection, you can add new fields.

Once you click to Create field button, a form is prompted where you should insert the following fields (all fields are required):

  • Name: name of the projection field;
  • Type: one of String, Number, Boolean or Date
  • Cast function: it shows the possible Cast Function to select for the specified data type;
  • Required: set the field as required, default to false;
  • Nullable: declare field as nullable, default to false.
  • Primary Key: set the field as part of the primary key, default to false.

Setting the Primary Keys does not create automatically the unique indexes. You need to create them by yourself.


When the real-time updater deletes a projection document, it actually makes a virtual delete instead of real document deletion. This means that the document is actually kept in the database, but the __STATE__ field (one of the default fields of the Crud Service) is set to DELETED.

Generate projection fields from data sample#

In the card Fields in projection, you can upload a data sample to generate fields by clicking on the appropriate button. Doing this will replace the current fields with those contained within the file The file extension supported are: .csv and .json.

Example json

"field1": "anyString",
"field2": "true",
"field3": "123"

Example csv


At the end of the upload an internal function will try to cast the types correctly, otherwise it will treat them as strings by default.


Import of fields is supported only for the following data types: String, Number, Boolean or Date. For example, you cannot import fields of type object.


In the card Indexes, you can add indexes to the collection. To learn more about crud indexes, click here. However, differently from Indexes that can be created on a normal CRUD, in this section the Geo index type is not available.

An _id index is created by default and it is not deletable.

Both custom fields and metadata can be used as fields for indexes.

Expose projections through API#

You can expose a projections through API, only with GET method (the data in the projections are modifiable only by the Real Time Updater service).

To expose the Fast Data projection, create an Endpoint with type Fast Data Projection linked to the desired projection.


It is not required for the Fast Data to work the exposed API. It is an optional behaviour if you need to have access to the data without access directly from database.

Kafka messages format#

Once you have created a System, you need to select the format of the Kafka messages sent from the system.
To do that, you must correctly configure the Kafka Message Adapter. Go to the Advanced section of the Design area in Console, open fast-data from menu and open the projections.json file.

Here, you should write a configuration object as follows:

"systems": {
"kafka": {
"messageAdapter": "THE_FORMAT"

Where THE_FORMAT is the format of your Kafka Messages and can be one of the following: basic, golden-gate, custom.


It's the default one.

The timestamp of the Kafka message have to be a stringified integer greater than zero. This integer have to be a valid timestamp.
The key of the Kafka message have to be a stringified object containing the primary key of the projection.
The value is null if it's a delete operation, otherwise it contains the data of the projection.
The offset is the offset of the kafka message.

Example of a delete operation

key: `{"USER_ID": 123, "FISCAL_CODE": "ABCDEF12B02M100O"}`
value: null
timestamp: '1234556789'
offset: '100'

Example of an upsert:

key: `{"USER_ID": 123, "FISCAL_CODE": "ABCDEF12B02M100O"}`
value: `{"NAME": 456}`
timestamp: '1234556789'
offset: '100'

Golden Gate#

The timestamp of the Kafka message is a stringified integer greater than zero. This integer has to be a valid timestamp.
The offset is the offset of the kafka message. The key can have any valid Kafka key value.
The value of the Kafka message instead needs to have the following fields:

  • op_type identifies the type of operation (I if insert , U if update, D if delete).
  • after it's the data values after the operation execution (null or not set if it's a delete)
  • before it's the data values before the operation execution (null or not set if it's an insert)

Example of value for an insert operation:

'table': 'MY_TABLE',
'op_type': 'I',
'op_ts': '2021-02-19 16:03:27.000000',
'current_ts': '2021-02-19T17:03:32.818003',
'pos': '00000000650028162190',
'after': {
'USER_ID': 123,
'FISCAL_CODE': 'the-fiscal-code-123',
'COINS': 300000000,


If you have Kafka Messages that do not match the format above, you can create your own custom adapter for the messages. To do that, you need to create a Custom Kafka Message Adapter, which is just a javascript function able to convert to Kafka messages as received from the real-time updater to an object with a specific structure.


You have to create the adapter function before setting custom in the advanced file and saving.

This adapter is a function that accepts as arguments the kafka message and the list of primary keys of the projection, and returns an object with the following properties:

  • offset: the offset of the kafka message
  • timestampDate: an instance of Date of the timestamp of the kafka message.
  • keyObject: an object containing the primary keys of the projection, or null. It is used to know which projection document need to be updated with the changes set in the value.
  • value: the data values of the projection, or null

If the value is null, the operation is supposed to be a delete. If the keyObject is null, will be automatically gotten from the value the fields you set as primary key to know which projection have to be updated.


You cannot return both value and keyObject as null

In order to write your custom Kafka message adapter, first clone the configuration repository: click on the git provider icon in the right side of the header (near to the documentation icon and user image) to access the repository and then clone it.

Your adapter function file needs to be created below a folder named fast-data-files, if your project does not have it, create it. In this folder, create a folder named as kafka-adapters/SYSTEM ID (replacing SYSTEM ID with the system id set in Console). Inside this folder create your javascript file named kafkaMessageAdapter.js.

For instance if you want to create an adapter for the system my-system you need to create the following directory tree:

|-- fast-data-files
|-- kafka-adapters/
|-- my-system/
|-- kafkaMessageAdapter.js

The file should export a simple function with the following signature:

module.exports = function kafkaMessageAdapter(kafkaMessage, primaryKeys) {
const {
value: valueAsBuffer, // type Buffer
key: keyAsBuffer, // type Buffer
timestamp: timestampAsString, // type string
offset: offsetAsString, // type string
} = kafkaMessage
// your adapting logic
return {
keyObject: keyToReturn, // type object (null or object)
value: valueToReturn, // type object (null or object)
timestampDate: new Date(parseInt(timestampAsString)), // type Date
offset: parseInt(offsetAsString), // type number

The kafkaMessage argument is the kafka message as received from the real-time-updater.
The fields value and key are of type Buffer, offset and timestamp are of type string.

The primaryKeys is an array of strings which are the primary keys of the projection whose topic is linked.

Once you have created your own custom adapter for the Kafka messages, commit and push to load on git your code.
Now you need to go on the Console and save in order to generate the configuration for your Real Time Updater service that uses the adapter you created.


After any changes you make on the adapter implementation, you need to save from the Console to update the configuration of the services.

Now that you have committed and pushed your custom adapter function you can set custom in the advanced file and save.

"systems": {
"kafka": {
"messageAdapter": "custom"

Real-Time Updater replicas#

What needs the replicas for#

Replicas ensures that a specified number of pod replicas are running at any given time. It is used to guarantee the availability of a specified number of identical Pods.

How to set replicas#

If you do not specify replicas, then it defaults to 1.

To know how to set replicas for the Real-Time Updater, read here.

Real-Time Updater CPU and Memory Requests and Limits#

Real-Time Updater has default settings for the CPU and memory requests and limits. These defaults are set at Console installation time. For Console PaaS, these are already set with values:

  • Memory Limit: 250Mi
  • Memory Request: 80Mi
  • CPU Limit: 100m
  • CPU Request: 20m

To know the limits on your on-premise Console installation, please contact your Mia Platform referent.

Technical limitation#

In your custom files (e.g. kafka-adapters) you can import only the node modules present in the following list:


It is used the node version 12.