Security is a matter of great importance for all companies. In order to protect your digital assets it is important to have a secure infrastructure.
Mia-Platform can help you to set up your infrastructure by providing you strong and reliable authentication and authorization mechanisms.
In this page, you can find out how Mia-Platform authorization flow works.
Authentication and Authorization
These two terms are often seen together, but they actually have a very different meaning: granting Authentication does not mean providing Authorization or vice-versa. In this section we will explain both of them and show their importance in current digital systems.
Authentication is the process of verifying that your identity is the one that you declared by providing some credentials that only you know or possess.
These credentials will be validated and, if the validation is successful, the system will identify you and give you access to different resources based on your authorization level, which will be described in the next section.
Authentication is important in order to give access to your assets only to entities that proved their identity.
Authorization means verifying your permissions to access to a specific resource or location. This step is generally consequential to authentication. Different users may have different authorization levels, which means that they will have right to access to different resources.
Combining Authentication and Authorization together, it is possible to associate a user to an identity and link to it a specific set of permissions. In this way, only authorized users, that proved their identity and that possess the right permissions, can access to your system resources.
Mia-Platform Authorization Flow
Mia-Platform built a secure infrastructure that provides both authentication and authorization mechanisms in order to guarantee a controlled access to your system. For each request to any resource, the user identity is verified and its permissions checked. This way, only authorized users will be given access to the requested resource. Below you can see an image that shows Mia-Platform authentication and authorization flow:
As you can see, different components are involved and each of them has a specific role in this flow.
We will now proceed in describing them and explaining how they interact with each other.
Client component represents a user that wants to access a specific resource. In order to do so, it performs a request to a specific service and awaits a response from it.
It should have previously performed a login process, thus obtaining a token that will be sent inside the request. We suppose that our client is already logged in and in possess of the correct token. This token will be validated and the access to the requested resource may be granted to the client. In our use case, the obtained token will be used to set the
Authorization header with the Bearer Authentication scheme, but any other authentication scheme or a different header can be used.
API Gateway is responsible for receiving all client requests and routing them to the correct service. For every received request, it will redirect its headers to the Authorization service. If the user is authorized to access the requested resource, the API Gateway will proxy both the client request and the service response to the corresponding recipient.
Authorization Service is in charge of verifying whether user groups and permissions are enough for each specific request. This service receives all the request headers received by the API Gateway and will proxy a subset of them to the Authentication Manager. The Authentication Manager should then return a response body containing user id (it is required, the field of the id is configurable), other user properties, groups and/or permissions. The Authorization Service will examine this information and it will proxy the result of this check to the API Gateway through a specific set of headers.
For more information about how you can configure the Authorization Service to call a custom Authorization Manager and how to choose the headers that should be proxied to it, visit this link
Since every authentication process differs from the others for certain aspects it is advisable that you create your own service that will handle authentication and that will contact an Identity Provider (IDP), if you intend to use one. In any case, Mia-Platform has a set of services that can handle the authentication process:
- Client Credentials
- Auth0 Client
- Authentication Service
This component is expected to receive a subset of the request headers from the Authorization Service. One of these headers should contain the token that the user obtained during the login process. This token will be verified by the Authentication Manager (either internally or by sending them to an IDP). In case the received token is valid, this custom Authentication Manager should then send the retrieved user properties back as response body to the Authorization service.
What is an Identity Provider (IDP)?
It is a trusted entity that creates, stores and manages user's digital identity information while providing authentication services. It is expected to receive user credentials, to check the validity of these credentials and to return a token that identifies the user back to the service that requested it.
This can be any service (either created from Mia-Platform Marketplace templates or by your own) that will handle the user requests received by the API Gateway. Once a request reaches the custom service, the user performing the request has already been authenticated and authorized successfully. Its purpose is to receive the request, perform some custom application logic and produce a response that will be sent back to the client through the API Gateway.
Authorization with RBAC
Role Based Access Control (RBAC) is an authorization mechanism integrated in Console that provides more advanced and efficient authorization logics, guaranteeing security and governance benefits in managing your project.
In addition to the above-mentioned services that are involved in an authentication and authorization flow, Mia-Platform provides another service, the RBAC Service.
RBAC Service is the core service responsible for handling advanced authorization mechanisms through the evaluation of policies written in Rego, the OPA language.
In order to prevent single point of failures in your project architecture, RBAC policies are evaluated with a decentralized strategy by different RBAC service instances that are distributed within your project.
Each service that you have enabled RBAC for is, in fact, accompanied by a dedicated RBAC Service instance.
RBAC service intercepts the traffic directed to your service and implements the authorization logics by evaluating your policies to perform decisions or actions, such as:
- authorization enforcement on request attributes (such as: request path, headers, query parameters, path parameters, client type, etc) and all the user properties provided by the Authorization Service in the
miausergroupsplatform headers. See more information here
- query generation for data filtering on request.
- response body filtering to remove or change data returned by your services.
To know more about how managing and implementing RBAC functionalities, visit the RBAC documentation page.